“Slavery was nearly a universal African custom and a slave trade, across the Sahara, already existed. Muslim merchants and local African rulers accepted cloth, silver, grain and horses in exchange for captives… During the 1450s, at least an additional one thousand Africans were enslaved and sent to Portugal and the Atlantic Mediterranean… Almost from the beginning, some Portuguese in Africa “went native,” joined African societies and took African wives. They and their mulatto offspring…became essential middlemen in the slave and other trades.” – Page 80 of The Atlantic World: Europeans, Africans, Indians and Their Shared History, 1400 – 1900 by Thomas Benjamin.

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