“In 1506, [Mvemba] A Nzinga, christened as Afonso I, seized the Kongo throne with Portuguese assistance against an anti-Portuguese faction upon the death of his father. Afonso was a sincere Christian and believed in, and cooperated with, the Portuguese  experiment of Europeanizing an African state… Two years after [Afonso’s] accession, a Jesuit mission of some fifteen priests arrived in M’banza at his request. Following…[a] set of instructions [from] the Portuguese King Manoel in 1512, Afonso and his Portuguese advisers established a European-style royal court, wore Portuguese dress, created a Portuguese table of silver and gold plates and utensils, built a Portuguese-style throne, distributed titles of nobility, attempted to implement elements of Portuguese law and attempted to undermine the Kongo cult of royal graves. M’banza was renamed São Salvador and stone buildings began to arise… Despite the best efforts of Afonso,…and [the] Portuguese advisers, Afonso remained a Christian king of a mostly pagan land.” – Page 115 of The Atlantic World: Europeans, Africans, Indians and Their Shared History, 1400 – 1900 by Thomas Benjamin.

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